April 1, 2019 at 11:15 pm

NQPI Seminar | 2D Materials: from Semiconductors to Topological Insulators, April 4

The NQPI Seminar Series presents Xuan Gao of Case Western Reserve University, on “2D Materials: from Semiconductors to Topological Insulators,” on Thursday, April 4, at 4:10 p.m. in Clippinger Labs 194.

Xuan Gao

Xuan Gao

Abstract: Since the first isolation of one-atom-thick graphene, research on two-dimensional (2D) materials with layered crystal structure has exploded over the past decade.  One focal point in the recent studies of 2D materials beyond semimetallic graphene is the development of 2D semiconductors.  In this talk, I will first highlight our exploration of non-transition metal chalcogenides InSe and SnS for future 2D semiconductor applications.  While multilayer InSe is demonstrated to be a promising new 2D semiconductor for high performance n-type transistor devices with gate tunable spin-orbit interaction, SnS’s intrinsic p-type nature leads to both opportunities and challenges in p-type semiconductor device applications.  I will then discuss layered V-VI chalcogenides (Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 etc) in which the strong spin-orbit interaction turns the material from a normal insulator into the so-called ‘topological insulator’, a novel quantum state of matter where metallic gapless surface states coexist with the insulating bulk.

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