July 22, 2014 at 11:36 am

Govorov and Zhang Publish ‘Reconfigurable 3D Plasmonic Metamolecules’

Two Ohio University physicists co-authored a July 6 article on Nature Materials on “Reconfigurable 3D plasmonic metamolecules.”

Dr. Alexander Govorov, Professor of Physics & Astronomy, and Dr. Hui Zhang, a post-doctoral researcher, were co-authors along with four others: Anton Kurzk and Na Liu, of the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Germany, and Robert Schreiber and Tim Liedl, of the Fakultät für Physik and Center for Nanoscience at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität in Germany.

Abstract: A reconfigurable plasmonic nanosystem combines an active plasmonic structure with a regulated physical or chemical control input. There have been considerable efforts on integration of plasmonic nanostructures with active platforms using top-down techniques. The active media include phase-transition materials, graphene, liquid crystals and carrier-modulated semiconductors, which can respond to thermal, electrical and optical stimuli. However, these plasmonic nanostructures are often restricted to two-dimensional substrates, showing desired optical response only along specific excitation directions. Alternatively, bottom-up techniques offer a new pathway to impart reconfigurability and functionality to passive systems. In particular, DNA has proven to be one of the most versatile and robust building blocks for construction of complex three-dimensional architectures with high fidelity. Here we show the creation of reconfigurable three-dimensional plasmonic metamolecules, which execute DNA-regulated conformational changes at the nanoscale. DNA serves as both a construction material to organize plasmonic nanoparticles in three dimensions, as well as fuel for driving the metamolecules to distinct conformational states. Simultaneously, the three-dimensional plasmonic metamolecules can work as optical reporters, which transduce their conformational changes in situ into circular dichroism changes in the visible wavelength range.

See the article in Nature Materials.

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